Europäische Wirtschaftsdelegation Brüssel

 

Unter der Leitung von EU Konsulent Dr. Johannes Ausserladscheiter tagte die Wirtschaftsdelegation zum Thema „Internationale Wirtschafts- und Sicherheitspolitik“.

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EU Konsulent Dr. Johannes Ausserladscheiter, Militärattaché zur EU und NATO General Mag. Günter Höfler

EU Konsulent Dr. Johannes Ausserladscheiter, Militärattaché zur EU und NATO General Mag. Günter Höfler

 

 

 

 

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Erweiterte Neuauflage von “ Starke Regionen-Starkes Europa“ mit EU Förderungsprojekten

 

EU Förderungsexperte Dr. Johannes Ausserladscheiter, Breitbandexperte Joseph Miedl MBA und Historiker Martin Reiter bringen Neuauflage mitSchwerpunkt EU Förderungsprojekte auf den Markt.

Autoren: Dr. Johannes Ausserladscheiter, Joseph Miedl MBA, Martin Peter Reiter

Autoren: Dr. Johannes Ausserladscheiter, Joseph Miedl MBA, Martin Peter Reiter

 

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Wer in Europa am meisten forscht

Wer in Europa am meisten forscht

Nicht nur in staatlichen Einrichtungen und Hochschulen wird geforscht. In vielen EU-Ländern macht der Unternehmenssektor den größten Anteil an den Ausgaben aus. Doch es gibt auch Ausnahmen.

imageForschung findet in modernen Staaten sowohl von staatlicher Seite, in Hochschulen als auch in der freien Wirtschaft statt. Die Grafik von Statista zeigt, wie sich die Ausgaben im Jahr 2013 in einzelnen EU-Staaten und der Union insgesamt verteilt haben. Der Unternehmenssektor war in den meisten Mitgliedstaaten der wichtigste Sektor, außer in Griechenland, Zypern, Lettland und Litauen. Hier war der Hochschulsektor der bedeutendste. In Rumänien wurde etwa die Hälfte der FuE-Ausgaben im Staatssektor getätigt. Die Ausgabenverteilung in Deutschland ist nah am EU-Schnitt.

Asien setzt auf Kernkraft
China wird die führende Atommacht. Das zeigen Prognosen der OECD imageüber die zivile Nutzung der Kernkraft. Die Grafik von Statista zeigt die heute installierte Leistung der Kernkraftwerke in Gigawatt im Jahr 2013 und die Prognosen für das Jahr 2040. Derzeit haben die Kernkraftwerke in den Vereinigten Staaten und in der EU insgesamt noch eine deutlich höhere Nennleistung. Doch das wird sich in den kommenden Jahren ändern. Je nach Szenario – die OECD führt dazu drei verschiedene auf – wird in den westlichen Staaten die Leistung der Kernkraftwerke etwa gleich bleiben oder sogar zurückgehen. In China wächst sie jedoch in allen drei Szenarien. Im Jahr 2040 wird in sämtlichen Szenarien China mehr Atomstrom produzieren als die Vereinigten Staaten oder die EU.

Asien setzt auf Kernkraft
China wird die führende Atommacht. Das zeigen Prognosen der OECD über die zivile Nutzung der Kernkraft. Die Grafik von Statista zeigt die heute installierte Leistung der Kernkraftwerke in Gigawatt im Jahr 2013 und die Prognosen für das Jahr 2040. Derzeit haben die Kernkraftwerke in den Vereinigten Staaten und in der EU insgesamt noch eine deutlich höhere Nennleistung. Doch das wird sich in den kommenden Jahren ändern. Je nach Szenario – die OECD führt dazu drei verschiedene auf – wird in den westlichen Staaten die Leistung der Kernkraftwerke etwa gleich bleiben oder sogar zurückgehen. In China wächst sie jedoch in allen drei Szenarien. Im Jahr 2040 wird in sämtlichen Szenarien China mehr Atomstrom produzieren als die Vereinigten Staaten oder die EU.

China forscht
Die Ausgaben für Forschung und Entwicklung in China steigen rasant. Die Grafik von Statista zeigt den Anteil an den weltweiten Ausgaben für Forschung und Entwicklung. 2008 hat China den Dauerkonkurrenten Japan überholt, nun steht China kurz davor, auch die EU beim Anteil an den weltweiten Ausgaben für Forschung und Entwicklung zu überholen. Die OECD prognostiziert, dass China sogar die Vereinigten Staaten innerhalb dieser Dekade überholen könnte.

Sanktionen: Putin will Hilfsfonds für Unternehmen

Wegen Sanktionen
Putin will Hilfsfonds für Unternehmen gründen
Russische Unternehmen, darunter der Ölproduzent Rosneft, bekommen die Sanktionen des Westens zu spüren. Mit einem milliardenschweren Hilfsfonds will Präsident Putin ihnen nun unter die Arme greifen.

Russlands Präsident, Vladimir Putin

Russlands Präsident, Vladimir Putin

Russland legt wegen der Sanktionen des Westens im kommenden Jahr einen milliardenschweren Hilfsfonds für Unternehmen auf. Dieser werde eine beträchtliche Größe haben, sagte Finanzminister Anton Siluanow am Montag der russischen Nachrichtenagentur RIA. Ein genaues Volumen wurde zunächst nicht genannt.

In den Topf sollten Gelder fließen, die ursprünglich für die Rentenkasse bestimmt waren, wurde Siluanow zitiert. Damit würden dem Haushalt rund 300 Milliarden Rubel (6,3 Milliarden Euro) zur Verfügung gestellt. Die Summe solle aber nicht komplett in den neuen Hilfsfonds eingebracht werden. Aus dem Haushalt für dieses Jahr blieben aber 100 Milliarden Rubel übrig, die ebenfalls in den Fonds fließen sollen.

World leaders gather in Brussels for G7

Leaders of the world’s seven richest nations are meeting in Brussels on Wednesday and Thursday at the G7 summit. The meeting was supposed to be a Group of Eight meeting and was to take place in Sochi in Russia, but other leaders decided on a boycott following the Russian intervention in Ukraine. The summit is expected to cause considerable traffic disruption in the Belgian and Flemish capital.

G7 Summit Brussels, Presented by European Court Experts

G7 Summit Brussels, Presented by European Court Experts

Foreign policy, the economy, trade and energy security are all on the agenda of the summiteers that include America’s President Obama. Given Europe’s dependency on Russian gas and oil the international community’s response to Russia’s actions in Ukraine should lead to some very interesting discussions.

After the G7 in Brussels the summiteers move on to Normandy for events to mark the D-Day landings by the Allies that took place exactly seventy years ago. Here meetings are planned with President Putin of Russia.

In addition to the G7 nations, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the UK and the US, the EU is also represented by Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso and Council President Herman Van Rompuy.

The summit starts with a dinner at which foreign policy issues including Ukraine will be discussed. Syria, Afghanistan, Mali, the Central African Republic and North Korea are also on the agenda. On Thursday the focus switches to the economy with discussions on the free trade deal between the US and the EU. International development is being discussed at the dinner on Thursday.

World Farmers Organisation: Ban Ki Moon

European Court Experts, Dr. Johannes Ausserladscheiter, CEO

European Court Experts, Dr. Johannes Ausserladscheiter, CEO

UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki Moon, reconfirmed commitment to prioritize farmers’ issues
WFO met with the United Nations Secretary-General, Ban Ki Moon, on the occasion of the Abu Dhabi Ascent Meeting on 4 May, 2014.
The Abu Dhabi Ascent Meeting was a high-level meeting called by the United Nations Secretary-General in preparation for the Climate Summit that will be held in New York on 23 September 2014, with the objective to catalyze ambitious actions on the ground to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and strengthen climate resilience. The Abu Dhabi Ascent Meeting included Ministers, Government representatives, and leaders from the private sectors and civil society. WFO, represented by the Executive Director, was fully engaged in the discussion, in particular on the action area of Agriculture.

A separate meeting with the UN Secretary-General was also held to discuss the plans for the Global Alliance for Climate-Smart Agriculture focusing on how to build the membership base and ensure that the Alliance grows, and on the proposal of specific actions that might be announced during the Climate Summit in New York on 23 September

Ban Ki Moon

Ban Ki Moon

2014. This meeting was a valuable opportunity for WFO to mainstream farmer’s issues with a perspective to strengthen farmers’ position in the global policy dialogue on Climate Change and not only. Actually the UN Secretary-General, who has focused his attention on Food and Energy, during this meeting reiterated the critical importance of involving farmers in main international fora, directly or indirectly related to agriculture. Moreover, the United Secretary-General, Ban Ki Moon reconfirmed his commitment to prioritize farmers’ issues in the future UN development agenda and in particular in the Climate Summit in September, 2014.

Obama and Merkel warn Russia of economic sanctions over Ukraine

US president Barack Obama and German chancellor Angela Merkel hold a joint news conference in the Rose Garden.

US president Barack Obama and German chancellor Angela Merkel hold a joint news conference in the Rose Garden.

US and German leaders present united front in warning Putin futher sanctions inevitable unless Russia reverses course

US president Barack Obama and German chancellor Angela Merkel on Friday warned Russia that sanctions targeting whole sections of the country’s economy would be inevitable unless Moscow de-escalates the situation in Ukraine before elections later this month.

Appearing together at the White House, Obama and Merkel insisted they were united in their determination to use broad, so-called “sectoral sanctions” against Russia unless it reverses course in Ukraine by the elections on May 25.

However, in remarks likely to reassure Berlin, which is particularly dependent upon Russian gas exports, Obama played down the suggestion those sanctions would include sweeping restrictions on Russia’s sale of energy to Europe.

“Energy flows from Russia to Europe, those continued even in the midst of the cold war – at the the height of the cold war,” Obama said. „The idea that you’re going to turn off the tap to all Russian oil and natural gas exports is, I think, unrealistic.“

President Putin, Russia

President Putin, Russia

Obama said there was „a remarkable unity between the United States and the European Union“ about how to use leverage against Russian president Vladimir Putin over his continued interference in Ukraine.

European countries disagree over what form additional sanctions against Russia should take. “We have to take those [differences] into account,” Obama added. “Not every country is going to be in exactly the same place.”

However, if Russia impedes Ukraine’s forthcoming elections, Obama said, “we will not have a choice but to move forward with additional, more severe sanctions.“

Merkel also gave a strong endorsement of potential new sanctions against Russia. “In Europe, we have taken a position that should further destabilisation happen, we will move to a third stage of sanctions. I would like to underline this is not necessarily what we want, but we are ready and prepared to go such a step,” she said, according to a White House translation.

“We will see to it that elections can take place,” she added.

Angela Merkel, Germany and US President Barack Obama

Angela Merkel, Germany and US President Barack Obama

The strength of Merkel’s remarks about sectoral sanctions, while satisfying Washington, may surprise other European leaders. Senior European officials have been playing down the prospects of such broad-brush sanctions, which could also hurt Europe’s economy, suggesting they would only be used as a last resort, in the event of a full-scale military incursion by Russia across the border.

Both leaders called for the immediate release of seven hostages who were working as monitors by the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe when they were captured by pro-Russian forces in eastern Ukraine.

Merkel, who has spoken directly with Putin to try to secure the release of the hostages, four of whom are German, said their release was „a very crucial step, that needs to happen first“.

The chancellor’s appearance with Obama marked her first visit to Washington since disclosures by the whistleblower Edward Snowden revealed her phone calls had been recorded by the National Security Agency.

Germany has been pressing for months for a mutual “no spy” agreement with the US, without success. Instead, Germany and the US have agreed to an ongoing “cyber dialogue” over issues relating to the balance between intelligence and privacy.

The language falls well short of what Berlin wanted, and Merkel made clear that differences remain between the the two countries on the issue.

She said that, while there was some intelligence cooperation between the countries, there are still differences over “what sort of balance to strike over the intensity of surveillance” used to combat terrorism and the consequences for privacy and individual freedom.

Washington. White House News

WASHINGTON — Reacting to a series of highly publicized rapes on college campuses, the White House on Monday released guidelines that increase the pressure on universities to more aggressively combat sexual assaults on campus.

The recommendations urge colleges, among other measures, to conduct anonymous surveys about sexual assault cases, adopt anti-assault policies that have been considered successful at other universities and to better ensure that the reports of such crimes remain confidential. The guidelines are contained in a report by a White House task force that President Obama formed early this year, and the administration is likely to ask Congress to pass measures that would enforce the recommendations and levy penalties for failing to do so. The government will also open a website, NotAlone.gov, to track enforcement and provide victims with information.

US President Barack Obama

US President Barack Obama

Stepping Up to Stop Sexual AssaultFEB. 7, 2014
Many advocates for such a crackdown may see the proposals as an inadequate response to a crisis, but the White House is hamstrung about what it can do without congressional action and has just begun its own attack on the issue.

“Colleges and universities need to face the facts about sexual assault,” Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr. said. “No more turning a blind eye or pretending it doesn’t exist. We need to give victims the support they need, like a confidential place to go, and we need to bring the perpetrators to justice.”

The task force says that one in five college students has been assaulted, but that just 12 percent of such attacks are reported.

Mr. Obama appointed the panel after a number of recent cases — at Yale, at Dartmouth and at Florida State — focused attention on the problem and led to accusations that college and university officials are not doing enough to police sexual crimes committed by students. The resulting furor has led to calls that Washington, where Congress and the administration are already moving to crack down on sexual assault in the military, take similar action when it comes to colleges and universities.

“The American people have kind of woken up to the fact that we’ve got a serious problem when 20 percent of coeds say they’ve been sexually assaulted,” said Representative Jackie Speier, Democrat of California.

Senator Kirsten E. Gillibrand, Democrat of New York, said the recommendation for mandatory sexual assault surveys “has been consistently the No. 1 request of student survivors and advocates.”

“I am pleased that the task force has recommended this important step to increasing transparency and accountability, and look forward to growing our bipartisan coalition supporting this and other much-needed reforms,” she said.

The report emphasizes that universities need to do a better job to make sure that sexual assault reports remain confidential. Sometimes fears that reports will become public can discourage victims from coming forward.

The task force further found that many assault-prevention training efforts are not effective, and it recommends that universities and colleges institute programs like those used at the University of New Hampshire and the University of Kentucky, which train bystanders on how to intervene.

Lawmakers and the White House have previously condemned the assaults on campuses, but the federal government has largely left responses up to college officials and the local authorities. Congress last year passed the Campus Sexual Violence Elimination Act, which requires that domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault and stalking cases be disclosed in annual campus crime statistics. But victims’ advocates say that does not go far enough.

And a federal law from two decades ago that requires colleges and universities to disclose information about crime on and around their campuses, including sexual offenses, is rarely enforced, critics say.

There have been some high-profile instances in which the Department of Education has gotten involved in an effort to raise awareness by imposing fines at universities where the most egregious cases have been reported.

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Last year, the agency fined Yale University $165,000 for failing to disclose four sexual offenses involving force over several years. Eastern Michigan University paid $350,000 in 2008 for failing to sound a campus alert after a student was sexually assaulted and killed. The department also reached a settlement last year with the University of Montana at Missoula after investigating the university’s sexual-misconduct policies and finding them woefully inadequate.

Under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, universities that violate student rights in sexual assault cases also risk the loss of federal funding, but the punishment has never been applied.

In the recommended “climate surveys,” participants anonymously report their experiences with unwanted physical contact, sexual assault or rape, and how their schools responded. Some lawmakers would like to see such surveys be mandatory and to possibly make federal funds like Pell grants contingent on their being carried out.

Ms. Gillibrand and Senator Claire McCaskill, Democrat of Missouri, who both spent much of last year trying to legislatively police sexual assault in the armed forces, have now turned significant attention to such problems on the nation’s campuses.

“After a year of working hard to reform how the military handles sexual assault cases,” Ms. Gillibrand said in an email, “the stories I have heard from students are eerily similar.”

Ms. McCaskill said she planned to conduct her own survey of 350 colleges.

In all, nearly a dozen senators seeking new federal funding to battle campus sexual assaults.

Obama Says More Sanctions Against Russia Are Coming

MANILA — President Obama, declaring that Russia was continuing to bully and threaten Ukraine, said here on Monday that the United States would impose additional sanctions on Russian individuals and entities, as well as freezing some exports of military technology.

The announcement, during a visit by Mr. Obama to the Philippines, was widely expected. Last week, the president said that the sanctions were “teed up” and were being delayed only by technical issues and the need to coordinate with the European Union.

imageBut Mr. Obama’s decision to announce the sanctions while on the last stop of his weeklong Asian trip underscored the sense of urgency that Russia was destabilizing eastern Ukraine. The European Union is expected to announce its measures within a day or so.

“These sanctions represent the next stage in a calibrated effort to change Russia’s behavior,” Mr. Obama said in a news conference with President Benigno S. Aquino III of the Philippines.

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But the president acknowledged, “We don’t yet know whether it is going to work,” and he left the door open to more sweeping sanctions against Russian industries like banking and defense.

Mr. Obama did not specify the names of the Russian individuals or entities on the latest blacklist. The White House and the Treasury Department were scheduled to offer details later on Monday.

Administration officials have said the sanctions would target individuals with ties to President Vladimir V. Putin, though the president insisted that they were not intended to punish him.

“The goal is not to go after Mr. Putin personally; the goal is to change his calculus, to encourage him to walk the walk, not just talk the talk” when it comes to diplomatic efforts to resolve the crisis, he said.

Mr. Obama said the sanctions would affect high-tech military exports to Russia, because they are not “appropriate to be transferred in the current environment.”

Mr. Obama and Mr. Aquino also promoted a new 10-year agreement between the United States and the Philippines that would give American warships and planes expanded access to bases here.

“This is going to be a terrific opportunity for us to work with the Philippines, to make sure our navies, our air forces are coordinating,” Mr. Obama said.